Caro has been a key figure in contemporary British sculpture since 1963, when he first came to the attention of the wider public with a show at the Whitechapel Gallery. Prior to that, Caro had studied at Royal Academy Schools in London, worked as assistant to Henry Moore and, since 1953, had been a teacher at the St Martin’s School of Art in London. At his landmark show in 1963, Caro showed his brightly painted, large abstract sculptures, displaying them standing directly on the ground so that they engaged the spectator on a one-to-one basis. This was a radical departure from the way sculpture had hitherto been seen and paved the way for future developments in three-dimensional art.

 

Since his ground-breaking show in 1963, his work continued to move and expand in new and different directions. His questioning approach opened up new possibilities, both formally and with regard to subject matter. His innovative work, as well as his teaching at St. Martin’s (1953-1981), was hugely influential and led to a new confidence in sculpture worldwide.

Caro worked in a diverse range of materials including steel, bronze, silver, lead, stoneware, wood and paper. Major exhibitions included retrospectives at the Museum of Modern Art, New York (1975), the Trajan Markets, Rome (1992), the Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo (1995), Tate Britain, London (2005), and three museums in Pas-de-Calais, France (2008), to accompany the opening of his Chapel of Light at Bourbourg. He has been awarded many prizes, including the Praemium Imperiale for Sculpture in Tokyo in 1992 and the Lifetime Achievement Award for Sculpture in 1997. He held many honorary degrees from universities in the UK, USA and Europe. Caro was knighted in 1987 and received the Order of Merit in May 2000.

 

Public collections include 

Arts Council of Great Britain, London

Museum of Modern Art, New York

Tate, London

Museo de Arte Contemporaneo, Barcelona

Museo de Bellas Artes, Bilbao

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

National Gallery of Australia, Canberra

Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh

National Museum of Contemporary Art, Korea

Israel Museum, Jerusalem

Royal Academy of Art, London

Victoria and Albert Museum, London

Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles

Metropolitan Museum, New York

Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, Munich

National Museum of Art, Osaka

Musée national d'art moderne Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris

Ministère de la culture, Paris

Galleria civica d'arte moderna, Modena

Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice

Kunsthaus Zurich, Zurich

 

Bibliography

BARKER, Ian. Anthony Caro: Quest for the New Sculpture. Lund Humphries, 2004

BLUME, Dieter. Anthony Caro, Catalogue Raisonné, Milan, 1986

BRYANT, Julius. Anthony Caro: A Life in Sculpture. Merrell Publishers, 2004

HICKEY, Dave. Anthony Caro: The Barbarians. Mitchell Hines Nash, 2003
MOORHOUSE, Paul et al, Anthony Caro. Tate Publishing, 2005
MOORHOUSE, Paul. Anthony Caro: Sculpture Towards Architecture. Tate Publishing, 1991